Combined Effects of Natura 2000, Climate Change and Multi-level Governance on European Beech Forests, and Proposed Solution Paths for the Future
Beech forests are such an important part of the EU’s Natura 2000 network that Member States have obligations regarding their conservation. However, the implementation of Natura 2000 has resulted in conflicts related to the designation of protected areas and the management of the forests. These conflicts have impaired the results of local conservation efforts and negatively impacted on the EU’s biodiversity policy in general. The BeFoFu project aimed to analyse the governance and management of beech forests under Natura 2000 in order to:
1. Identify specific policy and management related challenges to the implementation of Natura 2000 at different policy levels;
2. Assess the importance of climate change in the context of the management of the protected beech forests;
3. Propose “solution pathways” for the governance and management of European beech forests that can tackle identified challenges.
Picture: ©Jennifer Sjölund, An isolated beech stand managed as wood pasture, occurring near the northern range edge of beech in Sweden (Garpäror, Sweden)